Open Future HealthProf. Tim Noakes

PhD in Exercise Physiology from the University of Cape Town. Co-founder of the Sports Science Institute of South Africa.

Has written several books. Lore of Running (1986). WWW LinkWaterlogged: The Serious Problem of Overhydration in Endurance Sports (2012). Challenging Beliefs (2013). The Real Meal Revolution (2014). An "A Rated" Researcher in Human Biology.

Prof. Tim Noakes

Tim NoakesThe Noakes Foundation

WWW LinkThe Noakes Foundation is a Non-Profit Corporation founded for public benefit which aims to advance medical science's understanding of the benefits of a low-carb high-fat (LCHF) diet by providing evidence-based information on optimum nutrition that is free from commercial agenda.

Research Focus of The Noakes Foundation.

How do we correct the dietary errors of the past fifty years?
How do we determine the optimal diet for individuals?
How do we change individual eating and exercise patterns to prevent type 2 diabetes & minimise the effects of insulin resistance?
How can we help everyone eat better to feel better and live better lives?


From catastrophe to complexity: a novel model of integrative central neural regulation of effort and fatigue during exercise in humans: summary and conclusions.

T D Noakes, A St Clair Gibson, E V Lambert

It is hypothesised that physical activity is controlled by a central governor in the brain and that the human body functions as a complex system during exercise.

WWW LinkPubMed Link.

Believing that "carbohydrates are crucial for performance."

I started my medical training in 1969. In 1970 I did physiology, and throughout my training I was much more interested in sports medicine than in conventional medicine.

Sports nutrition, was about carbohydrates, because they increased your glycogen and you run faster. That's what I knew. The most recent edition of "Lore of Running" – 2002 edition – says carbohydrates are crucial for performance and for good health. For 33 years I believed that and followed it.

Something more to the story that I don't understand. (Extracted from a podcast interview)

When I was diagnosed with type II diabetes, I knew what was in store for me. I had watched my father die of this disease. I told my wife Marilyn, that I'd probably be dead in six years. I had sleep apnoea, type II diabetes, abnormal heart rhythms, gout and high blood pressure. The outlook was poor.

Then there was an email. The Subject line read,"Lose 6 kilograms in 6 weeks without hunger." And I said, "That's garbage. You've got to have hunger."

Then I noticed the names. Local FilePhinney, Local FileVolek and Westman. They were three scientists who I really respected, because I knew they'd done some really good research. Then I looked at the title and it read, "The New Atkins for the New Year."

I thought, "How can these guys be associated with Atkins, who tried to kill us by putting us on high-fat diets?" I said, "There's something more to the story that I don't understand." So I bought the book. The research was good, and I reversed my thinking about carbohydrates.

Hence, I changed my diet, and within a week I couldn't believe the changes in me. Within six weeks my running had improved, like going back 20 years – I mean, from 61 to 41. For me that was amazing. I lost 20kg that year.

Local FileI just came across this much better way of eating for me. As an insulin-resistant human being, I discovered carbohydrates are very harmful to my health, and in fact caused me to get Local FileType 2 diabetes.

What I've discovered in my life is that now I'm eating so little carbohydrate I have no desire to eat that food. I believe that I'm below the addictive threshold. Now, that's a concept that I've only developed in the last few months. For me if I keep my carbohydrate intake below 25gm a day, there is no craving to eat any of the "forbidden foods" but if I stray to 50gm a day by making an exception, very soon the addiction is back and I'm wanting to eat food I know are off the menu. The beauty of the Banting Diet is that it's so simple. There are some foods you can't eat. Nil, None, Never, no bread, pasta, rice, potatoes, biscuits, cake. That's clear and simple.

You can eat lots of meat with the fat, plus organ meats, and dairy food, and eggs. Butter is a good fat. You can eat lots of non-starchy vegetables, and a few berries like raspberries, blackberries and blueberries.


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